Why Do Horses Get Stocked Up?

Stocking Up In Horses.

A: Most commonly, this type of swelling, called “stocking up,” occurs when fluid pools in the tissues of your horse’s lower legs (called edema) during periods of inactivity.

When your horse is exercised, the fluid is mobilized into his circulation and his legs return to normal.

What makes a horse stock up?

Medically, stocking up is a condition known as orthostatic hypertension. Simply, because the horse’s heart and the majority of its mass is much higher than the limbs, gravity causes in fluid leaking out of the bloodstream and lymph system into the spaces in the tissue of the leg, resulting in edema.

What causes swelling in a horse’s fetlock?

Swollen joints are always cause for concern, but if both of your horse’s hind fetlocks become puffy in the dead of winter, chances are the cause is a relatively harmless condition known as “stocking up.” Activity—such as riding—is the simple treatment for stocking up.

Should I wrap my horses swollen leg?

You need to wrap your horse’s legs to protect and cover an injured area; provide warmth to stiff/old tendons, ligaments, or fetlocks; control acute-injury swelling and movement; and to protect his legs while trailering hauling. You should be able to slide a fingertip between the bandage and your horse’s leg.

Can a horse stock up in one leg?

Horses that stock up usually only have edema in the lower legs, extending only from the coronary band to the fetlock joint, or occasionally to the tarsal (hock) or carpal (knee) joint, Davis says. Swelling generally affects either both hind limbs or all four legs, but not just a single limb.

Why are horses ankles wrapped?

Polo wraps support the ligaments and tendons on the horse’s lower legs. They actually hold them in place and in proper alignment on the leg when wrapped correctly. This can help prevent injury during strenuous workouts or while a horse is developing his strength during training sessions.

Why do horses ankles swell?

A horse that has significant swelling in all four legs may have some type of systemic illness. This could be a sign of heart trouble, liver or kidney disease, or a bacterial or viral infection.

Do suspensory ligaments heal?

“Suspensory ligaments heal with scar tissue that’s less elastic than the ligament itself, so the healed tissue is much stiffer than the surrounding normal suspensory ligament. For most veterinarians, stem cell therapy is the gold standard of tendon and ligament repair.

What can you give a horse for inflammation?

NSAIDs are the most commonly used medications to help control inflammation. These work by blocking the prostaglandin cycle that is part of the inflammatory cascade. Examples of these medications include: a) Phenylbutazone (“bute”); b) Flunixin meglumine (Banamine); c) Ketoprofen; and d) Firocoxib (Equioxx).

How do you tell if your horse has a suspensory injury?

Heat, swelling and sensitivity midway down the lower leg, just behind the cannon bone on either side, suggest a body tear, but the signs may be subtle. With a high suspensory tear, you typically won’t be able to find any sign other than lameness.